Schooner Ernestina/Effie M. Morrissey Archives
The Claire T. Carney Library Archives and Special Collections is home to the Archives of several friends groups and concerned individuals who have worked tirelessly over the years to bring the schooner to international attention and to work raising funds to restore and staff the vessel. The Schooner Ernestina/Effie M. Morrissey has enjoyed three long distinguished careers and is currently in her fourth. She has carried fishermen, explorers, scientists, native Inuit, polar bears, walrus, Navy men, oceanographers, Cape Verdean immigrants, and goods bound for Africa. Built in 1894 in Essex, Massachusetts, the Effie Morrissey began her life as a strong, hard-working fishing schooner. She sailed first out of Gloucester, Massachusetts, and later out of Nova Scotia, plying the North Atlantic through hurricanes and snowstorms, hauling in catches of herring, cod, and haddock. In 1924 the Morrissey changed careers. Under the command of Caption Robert Bartlett, the refitted schooner embarked on a series of explorations of the Arctic. The explorers, scientists, and students aboard made significant discoveries and collected substantial data about Arctic life.
After serving as a supply and survey ship for the United States Navy during World War II, the Morrissey was sold in 1948 to Henrique Mendes. Renamed the Ernestina, she befan here third career in the Cape Verde Packet Trade. The Ernestina would carry passengers and good to and from Africa, the United States, and Cape Verde for almost 20 years. Despite her age and increasing maintenance costs, she continued to sail into the 1970s as a packet among the Cape Verdean Islands.
In August of 1982 the Ernestina/Morrissey, partially restored, sailed to Newport, Rhode Island. Her rebuilding had been accomplished through the contribution of years of work and hundreds of thousands of dollars by the Cape Verdean government and her friends on both sides of the Atlantic. As a symbol of friendship, the Ernestina/Morrissey was given by the people of Cape Verde to the people of the United States, with the stipulation that she be used for educational, cultural, and community development.
For current photographs and information on the Schooner Ernestina, go to www.ernestina.org
For the online historical timeline created by Eric and Gregg Swanzey in 2005, go to archive.ernestina.org
UMass Dartmouth Archives and Special Collections is currently working on an update to this pre-2005 timeline by creating a comprehensive web site.
The Schooner Ernestina/Effie M. Morrissey is owned by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and maintained by the Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR). The official records of the Schooner Ernestina Commission (SEC) are housed at the DCR Archives, as are the records of staff and educators who have work on the schooner since its donation to the U.S. in 1982.
The Schooner Ernestina/Effie Morrissey Archives at UMass Dartmouth are not fully processed, but the following collections are processed and open for consultation:
- Schooner Ernestina / Effie M. Morrissey
Photographic Collection, 1894-present, PC 16
- Frederick C.N. Littleton (1924-2010)
Photograph Album, 1940, MC 117
- Monroe Grey Barnard (1904-1987)
Diary and photograph/scrapbook album, 1927, MC 118
- Schooner Ernestina Oral History collection, MC 122
- Schooner Ernestina/Effie Morrissey
Educational Programming Materials,1989-2004, MC 128